The JEE or in other words the Joint Entrance Examination is a very highly competitive examination conducted by the Indian Institutes of Technology for selection into the prestigious B.Tech program of the IITs. Now the future of the IIT-JEE is in question as the government is in favor of creating standardized access exams along the lines of the SAT for all accredited colleges.
In India the high school students take the CBSE / ICSE / STATE BOARD examinations at a senior school level. For selection into colleges they write the JEE / AIEEE and a host of customized examinations. This puts unnecessary stress on the students who seek college education. The proposed reform is to standardize all examinations and make the students undergo only one aptitude test in addition to the high school examinations. A combined score will allocate a student to the relevant universities.
The JEE on the other hand is a highly differentiated examination where students with exceptional problem solving skills in high school math, physics and chemistry get selected. Abolishing the JEE will cease to bring to limelight extraordinary student achievements. The IITs have administrated their B.Tech courses very well during the last 50 years of their existence. There is little point for the government to put together a plan that will do away with the JEE and bring in students with average skill levels in the sciences and math into the hallowed portals of the IIT.
Multiple examination formats that are persisting in the current system should not be viewed as stress inducers, they need to be viewed as a mechanism where a student gets to write a multitude of examinations based on the choices he or she makes. With the government forcibly cutting short all these examinations by introducing one standard test through the country the examinations will provide only for a competitive selection model with limited skills. As history has seen the students who have been successful in mass competition exams such as the CBSE do not succeed in the IIT system. The IIT JEE has been of such standard and quality that replacing it with a mediocre system of the skill levels of the SAT and CBSE is only ridiculing the motives of the IIT.
Instead of viewing the multiple selection examination formats as a result, they should be viewed as available choices. The students themselves can decide on whether they would appear for the CBSE alone or whether they would appear for the JEE and other exams.
Many of us can remember our parents dressing us up in new clothes every Easter so we could parade around the neighborhood in our finest. It was a fun tradition to look forward to (or avoid, as some fashion-phobic children were known to do), whether we went to church or not. But where did this tradition come from? A look through history shows that its origins are not what we might expect. And examining the custom from a fashion school point of view, we see how changing retailing patterns have altered its significance.
Origins in other cultures. Although we associate wearing new clothes in spring with the Easter holiday, the tradition dates back to ancient times. Pagan worshipers celebrated the vernal equinox with a festival in honor of Ostera, the Germanic Goddess of Spring, and believed that wearing new clothes brought good luck. The Iranian new year, celebrated on the first day of Spring, has traditions rooted in the ancient pre-Islamic past. These traditions include spring cleaning and wearing new clothes to signify renewal and optimism. Similarly, the Chinese have celebrated its spring festival, also known as Lunar New Year, by wearing new clothes. It symbolized not only new beginnings, but the idea that people have more than they possibly need.
Christian beginnings. In the early days of Christianity, newly baptized Christians wore white linen robes at Easter to symbolize rebirth and new life. But it was not until 300 A.D. that wearing new clothes became an official decree, as the Roman emperor Constantine declared that his court must wear the finest new clothing on Easter. Eventually, the tradition came to mark the end of Lent, when after wearing weeks of the same clothes, worshipers discarded the old frocks for new ones.
Superstitions. A 15th-century proverb from Poor Robin's Almanack stated that if one's clothes on Easter were not new, one would have bad luck: "At Easter let your clothes be new; Or else for sure you will it rue." In the 16th Century during the Tudor reign, it was believed that unless a person wore new garments at Easter, moths would eat the old ones, and evil crows would nest around their homes.
Post Civil War. Easter traditions as we know it were not celebrated in America until after the Civil War. Before that time, Puritans and the Protestant churches saw no good purpose in religious celebrations. After the devastation of the war, however, the churches saw Easter as a source of hope for Americans. Easter was called "The Sunday of Joy," and women traded the dark colors of mourning for the happier colors of spring.
The Easter Parade. In the 1870s, the tradition of the New York Easter Parade began, in which women decked out in their newest and most fashionable clothing walked between the beautiful gothic churches on Fifth Avenue. The parade became one of the premier events of fashion design, a precursor to New York Fashion Week, if you will. It was famous around the country, and people who were poor or from the middle class would watch the parade to witness the latest trends in fashion design. Soon, clothing retailers leveraged the parade's popularity and used Easter as a promotional tool in selling their garments. By the turn of the century, the holiday was as important to retailers as Christmas is today.
The American Dream. By the middle of the 20th Century, dressing up for Easter had lost much of any religious significance it might have had, and instead symbolized American prosperity. A look at vintage clothing ads in a fashion school library shows that wearing new clothes on Easter was something every wholesome, All-American family was expected to do.
Attitudes today. Although many of us may still don new clothes on Easter, the tradition doesn't feel as special, not because of any religious ambivalence, but because we buy and wear new clothes all the time. At one time in this country, middle class families shopped only one or two times a year at the local store or from a catalog. But in the last few decades, retailing options have boomed. There's a Gap on every corner, and countless internet merchants allow us to shop 24/7. No wonder young people today hear the Irving Berlin song "Easter Parade" and have no idea what it means.
It's interesting to see where the tradition of wearing new clothes on Easter began, and how it's evolved through the years. Even with changing times, however, the custom will surely continue in some form. After all, fashionistas love a reason to shop.
Source by Lily McCallister